Surgical management of Takayasu's arteritis

J Korean Med Sci. 2006 Feb;21(1):20-4. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2006.21.1.20.


The results of surgical bypass and endarterectomy in Takayasu's arteritis (TA) were reported to be poor compared to usual atherosclerosis patients. However, if ischemic symptoms due to occlusive disease were severe, surgical procedures were inevitable. We report surgical experience of 5 patients with TA. Five women (ranged from 26 to 58 yr) were operated between June 1998 and May 2004. Three patients showed occlusion of main branches of aortic arch and had symptoms of cerebral ischemia. One patient showed near total occlusion in the midabdominal aorta and had symptoms of orthopnea and uncontrolled hypertension. One patient showed total occlusion of abdominal aorta at the level of aortic bifurcation and had a symptom of severe claudication on both legs. Bypasses from the ascending aorta to the carotid artery were performed in 3 cases. Bypass from the thoracic aorta to the left common iliac artery was performed in one case and endarterectomy of abdominal aorta in one case. The ischemic symptoms related with arterial occlusion were resolved after surgery. And the symptoms of cardiac failure disappeared. The symptomatic TA frequently required arterial reconstruction. The symptomatic improvement and excellent mid-term patency could be expected after arterial reconstruction and endarterectomy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Endarterectomy, Carotid / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Migraine Disorders / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Radiography
  • Takayasu Arteritis / diagnostic imaging
  • Takayasu Arteritis / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome