Resting energy expenditure in chronic cardiac failure

Clin Sci (Lond). 1991 Jun;80(6):633-9. doi: 10.1042/cs0800633.

Abstract

1. Resting energy expenditure has previously been shown to be elevated in the acute phase of heart failure, but the situation in the compensated state of chronic cardiac failure is unclear. Resting energy expenditure was assessed in 14 patients with stable chronic cardiac failure and 14 matched control subjects by using indirect calorimetry. 2. Resting energy expenditure was significantly elevated in the patients with chronic cardiac failure (112.6 +/- 18.1 versus 87.1 +/- 12.2 kJ day-1 kg-1 total body weight, P less than 0.0002; mean +/- SD) as were resting O2 consumption (3.88 +/- 0.64 versus 3.00 +/- 0.43 ml min-1 kg-1, P less than 0.0002), ventilation (164 +/- 40.3 versus 104 +/- 16.2 ml min-1 kg-1, P less than 0.0001) and heart rate (85.8 +/- 16.9 versus 66.6 +/- 6.9 beats/min, P less than 0.001). Both the resting plasma concentration of noradrenaline (4.48 +/- 1.52 versus 2.28 +/- 0.96 nmol/l, P less than 0.0001) and the serum concentration of free fatty acids (0.78 +/- 0.21 versus 0.57 +/- 0.27 mmol/l, P less than 0.03) were greater in the patients with chronic cardiac failure. Analysis of covariance indicated that most of the difference in resting energy expenditure could be accounted for by the elevated ventilation in the patients with chronic cardiac failure. Arm muscle area, an index of wasting, was lower in the patients with chronic cardiac failure (39.1 +/- 13.1 versus 50.5 +/- 9.4 cm2, P less than 0.02) and resting energy expenditure was found to account for some of this difference. 3. We conclude that an elevated basal metabolism occurs in chronic cardiac failure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arm
  • Body Weight
  • Calorimetry, Indirect
  • Chronic Disease
  • Energy Metabolism / physiology*
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / blood
  • Heart Failure / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscles / metabolism
  • Norepinephrine / blood
  • Skinfold Thickness

Substances

  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Norepinephrine