Relaxivity of Gadopentetate Dimeglumine (Magnevist), Gadobutrol (Gadovist), and Gadobenate Dimeglumine (MultiHance) in human blood plasma at 0.2, 1.5, and 3 Tesla

Invest Radiol. 2006 Mar;41(3):213-21. doi: 10.1097/01.rli.0000197668.44926.f7.


Objectives: We sought to determine the relaxivity and accurate relaxation rates of Gd-DTPA, Gd-BT-DO3A, and Gd-BOPTA at 0.2, 1.5, and 3 T in human blood plasma.

Materials and methods: Contrast media concentrations between 0.01 and 16 mM in human plasma were used for relaxation measurements. The R1 and R2 relaxation rates and r1 and r2 relaxivities were determined.

Results: Gd-BOPTA produced the highest relaxation rates and relaxivities at all field strengths. The r1 and r2 values for Gd-BOPTA were 107-131% and 91-244% higher than for Gd-DTPA, respectively, and 72-98% and 82-166% higher than for Gd-BT-DO3A. Higher field strengths resulted in lower values of R1, R2, and r1 for all contrast agents tested and of r2 for Gd-DTPA and Gd-BT-DO3A. A linear dependence of R1 and R2 on concentration was found for Gd-DTPA and Gd-BT-DO3A and a nonlinear dependence for Gd-BOPTA for concentrations larger than 1 mM. The r1 and r2 relaxivity of Gd-BOPTA increased with decreasing concentration.

Conclusions: Gd-BOPTA demonstrates the highest longitudinal r1 at all field strengths, which is ascribable to weak protein interaction. The R2/R1 ratio increases at higher field strength only for Gd-BOPTA, hence very short echo times are required for Gd-BOPTA to benefit from the higher longitudinal relaxivity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Media / pharmacokinetics*
  • Gadolinium DTPA / pharmacokinetics*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Meglumine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Meglumine / pharmacokinetics
  • Organometallic Compounds / pharmacokinetics*
  • Statistics as Topic


  • Contrast Media
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • gadobenic acid
  • gadobutrol
  • Meglumine
  • Gadolinium DTPA