Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the gadolinium (Gd) concentration remaining in human bone tissue after administration of standard clinical doses of 2 Gd-based contrast agents: ProHance and Omniscan.
Materials and methods: After administration of 0.1 mmol/kg of Gd chelate to patients undergoing hip replacement surgery, bone specimens were collected and analyzed, and compared with an age-matched control population without a history of Gd chelate administration. Bone specimens were collected fresh, refrigerated, and subsequently frozen. After grinding and freeze-drying, tissue digestion was performed using Teflon bombs and concentrated nitric acid. A method for analysis of Gd in bone specimens was developed and validated using inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS).
Results: Results were compared with a previous study using a different technique for analysis of the same tissue specimens. Tissue retention was 1.77+/-0.704 microg Gd/g bone (n=9) for Omniscan and 0.477+/-0.271 microg Gd/g bone (n=10) for ProHance measured by ICP-MS. These findings confirmed results from the previous ICP-AES study.
Conclusion: Omniscan (Gd[DTPA-BMA]) left approximately 4 times (previous study 2.5 times) more Gd behind in bone than did ProHance (Gd[HP-DO3A]).