Background and purpose: Optimal estimation of cerebral blood-flow volume (BFV) may be an important indicator for better evaluation of the patients with cerebrovascular disorders. In this study, we compared the BFV values at bilateral internal carotid and vertebral arteries of healthy volunteers obtained with color Doppler, power Doppler, and B-flow ultrasound (US) studies and tried to determine which examination is more correlated with MR phase-contrast quantification.
Methods: BFVs of the internal carotid and vertebral arteries of 40 healthy volunteers (19 men and 21 women; age range, 20-47 years) were measured by using color Doppler, power Doppler, B-flow US and MR phase-contrast imaging. The flow measurements obtained with the sonographic techniques were compared with MR phase contrast, which is accepted as the most reliable method for the estimation of cerebral BFV.
Results: Quantification with power Doppler imaging showed the highest values among sonography techniques, followed by color Doppler imaging, B-flow imaging (BFI), and MR phase-contrast flow quantification. There was a statistically significant difference between the flow-volume values obtained with these 4 different techniques (P < .05). BFI yielded the closest values (internal carotid arteries, 238.84 mL/min; vertebral arteries, 51.16 mL/min) to MR phase-contrast flow quantification study with higher correlation rates.
Conclusion: Flow volumes obtained with BFI showed the highest correlation with MR phase-contrast imaging among 3 different sonography techniques. B-flow sonography may be a very effective and cost-efficient alternative for MR phase-contrast studies for the calculation of cerebral BFV.