Evidence that histamine H3 receptors are involved in the control of gastric acid secretion in the conscious cat

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1991 Feb;343(2):225-7. doi: 10.1007/BF00168615.


In an attempt to assess the role of histamine H3 receptors in the control of gastric acid secretion, the effects of the selective histamine H3 receptor agonist, (R) alpha-methylhistamine and antagonist, thioperamide were evaluated in the conscious gastric fistula cat under basal conditions and against different stimuli. (R) alpha-methylhistamine (0.05-0.2 mumol/kg/h) was ineffective against spontaneous and dimaprit-induced acid secretion; it also did not reduce significantly pentagastrin-induced acid output, but caused a dose-dependent (0.05-0.1 mumol/kg/h) and significant inhibition of the acid response to 2-deoxy-D-glucose. Thioperamide (0.02-0.04 mumol/kg/h) did not modify spontaneous acid secretion, whereas it evoked a significant enhancement of the acid response to submaximal doses (50 mg/kg i.v.) of 2-deoxy-D-glucose. Thioperamide completely reversed the inhibitory effect of (R) alpha-methylhistamine against 2-deoxy-D-glucose-induced secretion, while leaving unaffected the inhibition induced by somatostatin. These data suggest that histamine H3 receptors may be involved in the control of acid secretion stimulated by indirectly acting secretagogues.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cats
  • Female
  • Gastric Acid / metabolism*
  • Gastric Fistula / physiopathology
  • Methylhistamines / pharmacology
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Receptors, Histamine / drug effects
  • Receptors, Histamine / physiology*
  • Receptors, Histamine H3


  • Methylhistamines
  • Piperidines
  • Receptors, Histamine
  • Receptors, Histamine H3
  • alpha-methylhistamine
  • thioperamide