Oral health in women with pregnancy and delivery complications

Clin Oral Investig. 2006 Jun;10(2):96-101. doi: 10.1007/s00784-006-0037-4. Epub 2006 Feb 18.


Oral health was retrospectively studied in 207 women (mean age 30 years) in the Helsinki Womens' Hospital with the hypothesis that women with pregnancy complications and/or delivery complications would present poorer dental status than women without complications. Computerized dental records of the City of Helsinki Health Department were used with decayed, missing, filled index (DMF) and community periodontal index (CPI) scoring systems and a summary dental health index (DHI) was constructed for statistics. In 72%, the delivery was uncomplicated, while 18% had Caesarean section. Of the women, 8% had gestational diabetes, 7.1% had gestational hypertension, and 1.8% had preeclampsia. Fifteen (6.6%) preterm babies were born; eight (3.5%) babies weighed <2.500 g, seven (3.2%) received a 1-min Apgar point <7 indicating less than satisfactory state of the newborn. DMF was 12.9+/-6.6 in women without complications compared to 15.3+/-6.7 in women with complications (n.s.). CPI values did not differ between the groups. The mean DHI values were 2.07 in women with normal pregnancy complications and no delivery complications, 2.23 in those with pregnancy complications, and 2.13 in those with delivery complications, respectively. In logistic regression analysis, no oral health parameters associated with any complications. Thus, this study failed to show an association between poor dental health and pregnancy or delivery complications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Apgar Score
  • Diabetes, Gestational
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Obstetric Labor Complications
  • Obstetric Labor, Premature
  • Oral Health*
  • Periodontitis / complications
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications*