Characterization of human OATP2B1 (SLCO2B1) gene promoter regulation

Pharm Res. 2006 Mar;23(3):513-20. doi: 10.1007/s11095-006-9572-6. Epub 2006 Feb 25.


Purpose: We investigated transcriptional regulation of organic anion transporter OATP2B1 (SLCO2B1) that is expressed in multiple tissues such as liver, small intestine, and others and compared it with that of liver-specific OATPs.

Methods: The promoter activity was examined by luciferase assay. Specific bindings of transcription factors to the promoter region were examined by gel mobility shift assay using native and mutated nucleotides of the promoter region of OATP2B1.

Results: Deletion-mutation study of the promoter region of OATP2B1 showed that the -59 region that included the Sp1 binding site had basal promoter activity, whereas promoter activities of the further upper region were different between intestine-derived Caco-2 cells and liver-derived HepG2 cells. The association of Sp1 to the promoter region was confirmed by gel shift assay and overexpression of Sp1 in cultured cells. Although the promoter of OATP2B1 has a putative HNF1alpha binding site, overexpression of HNF1alpha did not induce the expression of OATP2B1.

Conclusion: Sp1, a transcription factor, was required for constitutive expression of OATP2B1 in liver and small intestine, whereas HNF1alpha, which is involved in the expression of liver-specific OATPs, did not seem to play a role in OATP2B1 expression. Accordingly, it was suggested that the tissue expression profile of OATP2B1 was different from that of other liver-specific OATPs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 5' Flanking Region / genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • Caco-2 Cells
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Organic Anion Transporters / genetics
  • Organic Anion Transporters / metabolism*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Sp1 Transcription Factor / genetics
  • Sp1 Transcription Factor / metabolism
  • Transfection


  • Organic Anion Transporters
  • SLCO2B1 protein, human
  • Sp1 Transcription Factor