Acute duodenal Crohn's disease successfully managed with low-speed elemental diet infusion via nasogastric tube: a case report

World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Jan 28;12(4):649-51. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v12.i4.649.


Duodenal Crohn's disease is rare, and patients without obstruction are treated medically. We herein report one case whose duodenal Crohn's disease was successfully managed with low-speed elemental diet infusion through a nasogastric tube. A 28-year-old female developed acute duodenal Crohn's disease. Upper GI radiologic and endoscopic examinations showed a stricture in the duodenal bulb. Using the duodenal biopsy specimens, mucosal cytokine levels were measured; interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels were remarkably elevated. For initial 2 wk, powdered mesalazine was orally given but it was not effective. For the next 2 wk, she was treated with low-speed elemental diet therapy using a commercially available Elental(TM), which was infused continuously through a nasogastric tube using an infusion pump. The tip of the nasogastric tube was placed at an immediate oral side of the pylorus. The infusion speed was 10 mL/h (usual speed, 100 mL/h). After the 2-wk treatment, her symptoms were very much improved, and endoscopically, the duodenal stricture and inflammation improved. The duodenal mucosal cytokine levels remarkably decreased compared with those before the treatment. Although our experience was limited, low-speed elemental diet infusion through a nasogastric tube may be a useful treatment for acute duodenal Crohn's disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Crohn Disease / immunology
  • Crohn Disease / pathology
  • Crohn Disease / therapy*
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis
  • Duodenal Diseases / immunology
  • Duodenal Diseases / pathology
  • Duodenal Diseases / therapy*
  • Female
  • Food, Formulated*
  • Humans
  • Intubation, Gastrointestinal*


  • Cytokines