Structural differences in triosephosphate isomerase from different species and discovery of a multitrypanosomatid inhibitor

Biochemistry. 2006 Feb 28;45(8):2556-60. doi: 10.1021/bi0522293.


We examined the interfaces of homodimeric triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from eight different species. The crystal structures of the enzymes showed that a portion of the interface is markedly similar in TIMs from Trypanosoma cruzi (TcTIM), Trypanosoma brucei, and Leishmania mexicana and significantly different from that of TIMs from human, yeast, chicken, Plasmodium falciparum, and Entamoeba histolytica. Since this interfacial region is central in the stability of TcTIM, we hypothesized that it would be possible to find agents that selectively affect the stability of TIMs from the three trypanosomatids. We found that 6,6'-bisbenzothiazole-2,2' diamine in the low micromolar range causes a desirable irreversible inactivation of the enzymes from the three trypanosomatids and has no effect on the other five TIMs. Thus, the data indicate that it is possible to find compounds that induce selective inactivation of the enzymes from three different trypanosomatids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzothiazoles
  • Chickens
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Entamoeba histolytica / drug effects
  • Entamoeba histolytica / enzymology
  • Entamoeba histolytica / metabolism
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Fluorescence
  • Humans
  • Leishmania mexicana / drug effects
  • Leishmania mexicana / enzymology
  • Leishmania mexicana / metabolism
  • Species Specificity
  • Thiazoles / metabolism
  • Thiazoles / pharmacology*
  • Time Factors
  • Triose-Phosphate Isomerase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Triose-Phosphate Isomerase / chemistry
  • Triose-Phosphate Isomerase / metabolism
  • Trypanosoma brucei brucei / drug effects
  • Trypanosoma brucei brucei / enzymology*
  • Trypanosoma brucei brucei / metabolism
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / drug effects
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / enzymology*
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / metabolism


  • 6,6'-bisbenzothiazole-2,2'-diamine
  • Benzothiazoles
  • Thiazoles
  • Triose-Phosphate Isomerase
  • benzothiazole