A randomized, open-label, 2-period crossover study was conducted to evaluate the bioequivalence of 6 tablets of erlotinib 25 mg and 1 tablet of erlotinib 150 mg (arm A, n = 42) and the oral bioavailability of the 150-mg tablet versus a 25-mg intravenous infusion (arm B, n = 20) in healthy subjects. The washout period was 2 weeks between treatments. Plasma concentrations of erlotinib and its active metabolite, OSI-420, were measured after each dose. The ratios of geometric means for AUC(0-infinity) and Cmax of erlotinib following 6 tablets of erlotinib 25 mg and 1 tablet of erlotinib 150 mg were (1 and 0.95) within the predefined bioequivalence range of 0.80 to 1.25. The mean absolute oral bioavailability, using compartmental analysis, was estimated as 59% (95% confidence interval, 55%-63%). Overall, 6 tablets of erlotinib 25 mg are bioequivalent to a single 150-mg tablet. Both intravenous and oral erlotinib were generally well tolerated with an estimated bioavailability of 59% following oral administration.