Pulmonary fibrosis in hermansky-pudlak syndrome. a case report and review

Respiration. 2006;73(3):382-95. doi: 10.1159/000091609. Epub 2006 Feb 14.


Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare heterogeneously inherited autosomal recessive group of disorders presenting with oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding diathesis and pulmonary disease. HPS is thought to occur as a consequence of disturbed formation or trafficking of intracellular vesicles, most importantly, melanosomes, platelet dense granules and lysosomes. The latter finding, in particular, contributes much to the morbidity associated with the disease, as ceroid lipofuscin deposits in lysosomes affect many organ systems. This is especially problematic in the lungs where it is often associated with pulmonary fibrosis and premature death. Currently, there are 7 known HPS genes in humans. In the mouse, at least 16 known HPS genes produce HPS-mutant phenotypes. The HPS gene mutation is considered to be one of the most prevalent single-gene disorders in northwest Puerto Rico, home to the largest cohort of known patients. In HPS, interventions addressing the bleeding diathesis and pulmonary fibrosis are often disappointingly ineffectual. Pirfenidone, a novel compound with documented anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antifibrotic effects, appears to hold promise in delaying or preventing fibrosis. To date, there has been one successful lung transplant performed on a patient with HPS. We present a patient with HPS and review the current literature on our understanding of this rare disorder.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hermanski-Pudlak Syndrome / complications*
  • Hermanski-Pudlak Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / complications*
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / diagnosis
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / surgery
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed