Factors affecting choice of a healthy lifestyle: implications for nurses

Br J Community Nurs. 2006 Feb;11(2):78-81. doi: 10.12968/bjcn.2006.11.2.20445.


Living a healthy lifestyle still remains a challenge to a wide section of the population. This article argues that since a healthy lifestyle is associated with other aspects of economic and social life, it should be examined within this context. This perspective suggests that participation in a healthy lifestyle, with its behavioural emphasis, which typically involves decisions about food, exercise, smoking, alcohol, drug use, risk of infection and accidents, is not necessarily up to the individual. Socioeconomic status, level of education, family, kin and social networks, gender, age and interpersonal influences all affect the choice of lifestyle. This has implications for community practitioners working in the field of health promotion, in particular to promote healthy lifestyle. A correlation model is presented that can be used by practitioners to identity factors that should be taken into consideration when working with clients to enable them to make a healthy lifestyle the easier option.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health*
  • Choice Behavior*
  • Community Health Nursing / organization & administration*
  • Educational Status
  • Family / psychology
  • Freedom
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Life Style*
  • Models, Psychological
  • Nurse's Role
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors