[Epidemiology of chronic hepatitis B]

Presse Med. 2006 Feb;35(2 Pt 2):304-7. doi: 10.1016/s0755-4982(06)74575-4.
[Article in French]


The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriage in France is 0.68% and that of HBcAb 8.18%. Chronic hepatitis B is more frequent in subjects of low socioeconomic status and those receiving government health insurance for the needy (CMU). The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B that is HBeAg-positive is now 64.4%. Nearly 60% of these patients were not born in France. Patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B are more likely to be older, male, and have cirrhosis; they also have lower levels of serum transaminase activity and HBV DNA than those with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carrier State / epidemiology
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • DNA, Viral / analysis
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens / analysis
  • Hepatitis B virus / genetics
  • Hepatitis B, Chronic / enzymology
  • Hepatitis B, Chronic / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Transaminases / blood


  • DNA, Viral
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
  • Transaminases