Function and regulation of Rnd proteins

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Jan;7(1):54-62. doi: 10.1038/nrm1788.


The Rnd proteins, which form a distinct sub-group of the Rho family of small GTP-binding proteins, have been shown to regulate the organization of the actin cytoskeleton in several tissues. In the brain, they participate in neurite extension, whereas in smooth muscle, they modulate contractility. Recent evidence has shown that Rnd3 (RhoE) is also involved in the regulation of cell-cycle progression and transformation, indicating that these proteins might have other, as yet unexplored roles.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Axons / physiology
  • Axons / ultrastructure
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Neurites / physiology
  • Neurites / ultrastructure
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*


  • Actins
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins