Stress management: a randomized study of cognitive behavioural therapy and yoga

Cogn Behav Ther. 2006;35(1):3-10. doi: 10.1080/16506070500401292.


In this study, a stress management program based on cognitive behavioural therapy principles was compared with a Kundaliniyoga program. A study sample of 26 women and 7 men from a large Swedish company were divided randomly into 2 groups for each of the different forms of intervention; a total of 4 groups. The groups were instructed by trained group leaders and 10 sessions were held with each of groups, over a period of 4 months. Psychological (self-rated stress and stress behaviour, anger, exhaustion, quality of life) and physiological (blood pressure, heart rate, urinary catecholamines, salivary cortisol) measurements obtained before and after treatment showed significant improvements on most of the variables in both groups as well as medium-to-high effect sizes. However, no significant difference was found between the 2 programs. The results indicate that both cognitive behaviour therapy and yoga are promising stress management techniques.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Epinephrine / urine
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / urine
  • Male
  • Norepinephrine / urine
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Yoga*


  • Hydrocortisone
  • Norepinephrine
  • Epinephrine