The authors present an analysis of communication training for medical students using simulation patients, and its possible influence on later doctor-patient relationships. Many empirical studies have shown the various benefits of using simulation patients to teach communication skills, but theoretical sociology and humanistic reflection shed light on some fundamental differences between the student-doctor/actor-patient interactions practiced in simulation encounters and real doctor-patient relationships. In contrast to the usual power dynamics of a doctor-patient relation, those of simulation encounters are inverted and overwritten by an entirely different set of power relations, namely, those of the evaluator-student relationship. Since the power dynamics of real doctor-patient relations are generally overlooked, the altered dynamics of the simulation encounter are not readily perceived, and simulation encounters are thus often mistaken as accurate representations of clinical reality. Exclusive reliance on this pedagogic approach of simulation training may be encouraging students to become "simulation doctors" who act out a good relationship to their patients but have no authentic connection with them. The authors propose that liberal-arts learning and encounters with real patients should be used to cultivate students' abilities to create good doctor-patient relationships, as a compliment to the pedagogic benefits of simulation encounters.