Corticospinal tract compression by hematoma in a patient with intracerebral hemorrhage: a diffusion tensor tractography and functional MRI study

Yonsei Med J. 2006 Feb 28;47(1):135-9. doi: 10.3349/ymj.2006.47.1.135.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate corticospinal tract compression that was due to a hematoma by using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) and functional MRI (fMRI) in a patient with an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). A 23-year-old right-handed woman presented with severe paralysis of her right extremities at the onset of a spontaneous ICH. Over the first three days from onset, the motor function of the affected upper and lower extremities rapidly recovered to the extent that she was able to overcome applied resistance to the affected limbs, and her limbs regained normal function 3 weeks after onset. The tract of the right hemisphere originated from the primary sensori-motor cortex (SM1) and it passed through the known corticospinal tract pathway. However, the tract of the left hemisphere was similar to that of the right hemisphere except that it was displaced to the antero-medial side by the hematoma at the cerebral peduncle. Only the contralateral SM1 area centered on the precentral knob was activated during affected (right) or unaffected (left) hand movements, respectively. In conclusion, fMRI and DTT demonstrated a corticospinal tract compression due to hematoma in this patient. We conclude that the combined use of these two modalities appears to improve the accuracy of investigating the state of the corticospinal tract.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / pathology
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Female
  • Hematoma / complications
  • Hematoma / diagnosis*
  • Hematoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Pyramidal Tracts / pathology*
  • Spinal Cord Compression / complications
  • Spinal Cord Compression / diagnosis*
  • Spinal Cord Compression / pathology