Failure of cerebrospinal fluid shunts: part II: overdrainage, loculation, and abdominal complications

Pediatr Neurol. 2006 Mar;34(3):171-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2005.05.021.


Complications from cerebrospinal fluid shunts are common and can present with a variety of signs and symptoms. In this second part of a two-part review, shunt overdrainage, loculation of the ventricular system in patients with shunts, and abdominal complications related to ventriculoperitoneal shunts are discussed. Familiarity with these types of shunt failure is essential for neurologists and pediatricians because they are often the first to evaluate and triage these children.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen / pathology*
  • Cerebral Ventricles / pathology*
  • Cerebral Ventriculography
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts / instrumentation*
  • Child
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnosis
  • Hydrocephalus / surgery*
  • Intracranial Hypotension / diagnosis
  • Intracranial Hypotension / etiology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt / instrumentation