Hip and knee proprioception in elite, amateur, and novice tennis players

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Mar;85(3):216-21. doi: 10.1097/01.phm.0000200376.12974.41.


Objectives: The purposes of this study were: (1) to show the differences of lower limb proprioception in three different groups of normal male subjects-elite, amateur, and novice tennis players-and between the skill-dominant and stance-dominant hip and knee and (2) to test the sensitivity of closed-chain reposition test in the three groups.

Design: There were 22, 20, and 20 subjects in the three groups, respectively. Proprioception was tested with the closed-chain reposition method. Absolute error and variable error were calculated. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test were used to test the differences.

Results: The proprioception of the hip joints of the elite players was significantly better than that of the other two groups in absolute error (P < 0.0167). In variable error analysis, the proprioception of the stance-dominant leg of the elite players was significantly better than that of the novice players (P < 0.0033).

Conclusions: Findings of this study supported that the proprioception of elite players was the best. The closed-chain reposition test had good discriminating power between the elite players and the others.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Hip Joint / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiology*
  • Male
  • Movement / physiology
  • Proprioception / physiology*
  • Supine Position / physiology
  • Tennis / physiology*