Electron-beam computed tomography is an imaging technology with a variety of medical applications, primarily in cardiology due to its sub-second acquisition time enabling visualization of a beating heart. Recently, this technique has also been introduced into other fields because of lower radiation exposure compared to traditional computed tomography, as well as the strengths of post-procedural three-dimensional visualization. This report evaluates electron-beam computed tomography as a diagnostic modality in pediatric nephrology patients. Seven patients reflecting typical clinical scenarios in pediatric nephrology were reviewed with regard to the value of electron-beam computed tomography and its contribution to the diagnostic workup. Electron-beam computed tomography is noninvasive and allows three-dimensional post-processing, enabling highly accurate images while requiring less radiation and acquisition time. It is very useful for clinical questions that require a detailed description of vascular and renal anatomy.