Tracheitis in pediatric patients

Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2006 Jan;17(1):11-3. doi: 10.1053/j.spid.2005.11.004.


Despite the advances that have been achieved in supportive pediatric intensive care, tracheitis remains a significant cause of reversible upper-airway obstruction in pediatric patients. This discussion highlights the epidemiology and clinical presentation of tracheitis in the twenty-first century and reviews diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. The gold standard for therapy remains supportive airway management in conjunction with appropriate antibiotic therapy. Finally, the unique challenges of diagnosis and treatment of tracheitis in the technology dependent child with an existing artificial airway (endotracheal tube or tracheostomy) are addressed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Airway Obstruction / etiology*
  • Airway Obstruction / therapy
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units, Pediatric
  • Intubation, Intratracheal
  • Tracheitis / complications
  • Tracheitis / diagnosis*
  • Tracheitis / drug therapy*
  • Tracheitis / epidemiology
  • Tracheostomy


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents