Erythrocyte aggregation: bridging by macromolecules and electrostatic repulsion by sialic acid

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Aug 26;1067(2):221-6. doi: 10.1016/0005-2736(91)90047-c.


Relation between aggregating force (of fibrinogen and IgG) and disaggregating force (due to electrostatic repulsion among erythrocytes) in erythrocyte aggregation was investigated with a rheoscope combining a video camera, an image analyzer and a computer. (i) Erythrocyte aggregation was augmented with the increase of molecular weight of bridging macromolecules as far as examined for fibrinogen and the degradation products and IgG and the related macromolecules, and the augmentation seemed to be dependent on the molecular length of macromolecules. In accelerating the erythrocyte aggregation, fibrinogen was more effective than IgG, and some interaction between fibrinogen and IgG in their coexistence was suggested. (ii) The decrease of sialic acid content on the erythrocyte surface accelerated IgG-induced erythrocyte aggregation much greater than fibrinogen-induced one. (iii) Counteraction between aggregating force and disaggregating force in leading to erythrocyte aggregation was discussed relating to molecular length of bridging macromolecule and electrostatic repulsive force by sialic acid.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Electricity
  • Erythrocyte Aggregation*
  • Fibrinogen / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / metabolism
  • Male
  • N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism
  • Receptors, Peptide*
  • Sialic Acids / blood


  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Peptide
  • Sialic Acids
  • fibrin-fibrinogen degradation products receptor
  • Fibrinogen
  • N-Acetylneuraminic Acid