Perimenopausal health self-efficacy among Hispanic Caribbean and non-Hispanic white women

Health Care Women Int. 2006 Mar;27(3):223-37. doi: 10.1080/07399330500506519.


The perimenopausal experience varies among different ethnic and cultural groups. This research examined perimenopausal health self-efficacy of Latinas and non-Hispanic White women and variables that predicted health in 147 women ages 40 to 60 in the Northeast United States. Self-efficacy scores were similar for both groups. Latinas scored lower, however, in the Cognition/Decision Making subscale of the Perimenopausal Health Self-Efficacy Survey (PHS-ES). Perceived health was predicted by control over health and stress for both, and greater self-efficacy was associated with higher perceptions of health. Subtle differences existed between the two groups, which may reflect cultural beliefs and barriers to care during midlife.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Cultural Characteristics*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Menopause / ethnology*
  • Middle Aged
  • New England
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Women's Health