Gravimetric method for the determination of diclofenac in pharmaceutical preparations

J AOAC Int. 2005 Nov-Dec;88(6):1684-7.


A gravimetric method for the determination of diclofenac in pharmaceutical preparations was developed. Diclofenac is precipitated from aqueous solution with copper(II) acetate in pH 5.3 (acetic acid/acetate buffer). Sample aliquots had approximately the same quantity of the drug content in tablets (50 mg) or in ampules (75 mg). The observed standard deviation was about +/- 2 mg; therefore, the relative standard deviation (RSD) was approximately 4% for tablet and 3% for ampule preparations. The results were compared with those obtained with the liquid chromatography method recommended in the United States Pharmacopoeia using the statistical Student's t-test. Complete agreement was observed. It is possible to obtain more precise results using higher aliquots, for example 200 mg, in which case the RSD falls to 1%. This gravimetric method, contrary to what is expected for this kind of procedure, is relatively fast and simple to perform. The main advantage is the absolute character of the gravimetric analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Centrifugation
  • Chemistry Techniques, Analytical / economics
  • Chemistry Techniques, Analytical / instrumentation
  • Chemistry Techniques, Analytical / methods*
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Copper / chemistry
  • Diclofenac / analysis
  • Diclofenac / chemistry*
  • Filtration
  • Gravitation*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Models, Chemical
  • Models, Statistical
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / analysis*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemistry
  • Potassium / chemistry
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sodium / chemistry
  • Tablets / analysis


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Tablets
  • Diclofenac
  • Copper
  • Sodium
  • Potassium