The projection from the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) conveys information about the affective significance of sensory stimuli to the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). By using an anterograde tract-tracing procedure combined with immunocytochemistry and correlated light/electron microscopical examination, labeled BLA afferents to layers 2-6 of the rat mPFC are shown to establish asymmetrical synaptic contacts, not only with dendritic spines (approximately 95.7% of targets innervated), but also with the aspiny dendritic shafts and somata of multipolar parvalbumin immunopositive (PV+) neurons. A population of PV- dendritic shafts was also innervated. Labeled BLA synaptic input to identified PV+ structures occurred in layers 2-6 of mPFC. The results indicate that labeled BLA afferents predominantly contact the spiny processes of presumed pyramidal cells and also provide a direct and specific innervation to a sub-population of local circuit neurons in mPFC containing PV. Since PV+ cells include two significant classes of fast-spiking GABAergic inhibitory interneuron (basket and axo-axonic cells), these novel observations indicate that the amygdalocortical pathway in the rat has the ability to directly influence functionally strategic 'feed-forward' inhibitory mechanisms at the first stage of processing amygdalocortical information.