Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA): a cardiovascular and renal risk factor on the move

J Hypertens. 2006 Apr;24(4):611-9. doi: 10.1097/01.hjh.0000217839.26971.8d.


The endogenous inhibitor of the nitric oxide synthase, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), by reducing nitric oxide (NO) availability, may trigger pro-atherogenic effects. A high plasma concentration of this substance has been associated to intima-media thickening, left ventricular hypertrophy and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease, and to coronary events in males in the general population. Recent studies show that ADMA predicts renal disease progression and death in patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency. ADMA may be at the crossroad of the atherosclerosis process and may represent an important factor in the high risk associated with renal insufficiency.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arginine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Arginine / blood
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / blood*
  • Humans
  • Renal Insufficiency / blood*
  • Risk Factors


  • N,N-dimethylarginine
  • Arginine