Spirometric changes following the use of pesticides

East Mediterr Health J. 2005 Jan-Mar;11(1-2):126-36.

Abstract

We compared the respiratory function of 19 pesticide factory workers and a control group of 43 other factory workers in Lebanon. The groups had no difference in smoking status. Baseline measurements of respiratory function showed significantly lower forced expiratory volume and flow rates (FEV1, FEF(25-75%), and FEV1/FVC ratio) among subjects working with pesticides, i.e. obstruction may be linked to chronic exposure to pesticides. After 4 hours of work, all respiratory variables were still significantly lower in pesticide-exposed subjects, but no acute changes in respiratory function were seen. Pesticide-exposed workers had 5.6 times higher risk of abnormal FEV1/FVC ratio and 16.5 higher risk for abnormal FEF(25-75%). Duration of occupation in the pesticide factory was significantly correlated with abnormal respiratory measures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Developing Countries
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Flow Rates
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Lebanon
  • Male
  • Maximal Midexpiratory Flow Rate
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Occupational Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Occupational Diseases / diagnosis
  • Occupational Diseases / physiopathology
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupational Exposure / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Occupational Health / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Pesticides / adverse effects*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Respiration Disorders / chemically induced*
  • Respiration Disorders / diagnosis
  • Respiration Disorders / physiopathology
  • Risk Factors
  • Spirometry
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Vital Capacity

Substances

  • Pesticides