Consensus statement on injury definitions and data collection procedures in studies of football (soccer) injuries

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2006 Apr;16(2):83-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2006.00528.x.


Variations in definitions and methodologies have created differences in the results and conclusions obtained from studies of football injuries; this has made inter-study comparisons difficult. An Injury Consensus Group was established under the auspices of FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre. Using a nominal group consensus model approach, a working document that identified the key issues related to definitions, methodology and implementation was discussed by members of the group during a 2-day meeting. Following this meeting, iterative draft statements were prepared and circulated to members of the group for comment before the final consensus statement was produced. Definitions of injury, recurrent injury, severity and training and match exposures in football together with criteria for classifying injuries in terms of location, type, diagnosis and causation are proposed. Proforma for recording players' baseline information, injuries and training and match exposures are presented. Recommendations are made on how the incidence of match and training injuries should be reported and a checklist of issues and information that should be included in published reports of studies of football injuries is presented. The definitions and methodology proposed in the consensus statement will ensure that consistent and comparable results will be obtained from studies of football injuries.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / classification*
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Norway
  • Population Surveillance / methods*
  • Research Design
  • Soccer / injuries*