A personalized snack-based intervention for hip fracture patients: development, feasibility and acceptability

J Hum Nutr Diet. 2006 Apr;19(2):139-45. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-277X.2006.00676.x.


Introduction: Undernutrition is common in older people admitted to hospital with hip fracture. Oral supplementation with sip feeds may be provided but compliance is a major problem.

Objective: To develop a personalized snack-based intervention for practical implementation in hip fracture patients and to assess feasibility, adherence, acceptability and cost.

Participants and methods: Twenty-three older hip fracture patients with a mean age (SD) 84.1 (6.3) were provided with three between-meal snacks daily for 4 weeks following surgery. Dietary counselling, assessment of acceptability and feasibility were undertaken and costs of intervention calculated.

Results: Sixteen of the 23 participants recruited completed the study. Mean estimated energy derived from the snacks provided 26% of daily energy requirements. Monitoring adherence proved problematic and stocktakes highlighted discrepancies. Although several participants reported that they did not usually eat between meals, overall the intervention was acceptable to participants. The cost of implementation was 21.29 UK pounds per participant per week.

Conclusions: Although it proved feasible, practical difficulties were encountered with implementation and adherence due to timing. A more appropriate time to deliver such an intervention may be after the acute phase is over and patients are back home. The costs compared favourably with the alternative of providing sip feeds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Food, Formulated*
  • Hip Fractures / etiology
  • Hip Fractures / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Disorders / complications
  • Nutrition Disorders / therapy*
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Treatment Outcome