[CMV retinitis in AIDS--a pre-final complication?]

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 1991 May;198(5):447-50. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1046007.
[Article in German]


The appearance of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in AIDS is regarded as an unfavourable sign, it was even considered in the first years of the HIV-epidemic to be a pre-final complication. The survival period after diagnosis of the retinitis is under virostatic therapy generally given as several months, only exceptionally as more than a year. We report here 3 cases of CMV retinitis in AIDS having an unusually long duration of 14-24 months. The clinical and histological results with the pecularities (resistance to therapy, optic atrophy, retinal atrophy with detachment, atypical peripheral fundus lesions) are presented. The importance of ophthalmological care of HIV-patients is indicated and a screening procedure is suggested.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / pathology*
  • Adult
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / pathology*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Opportunistic Infections / pathology*
  • Optic Neuritis / pathology
  • Pigment Epithelium of Eye / pathology
  • Retina / pathology
  • Retinal Vessels / pathology
  • Retinitis / pathology*