Dizziness after traumatic brain injury: overview and measurement in the clinical setting

Brain Inj. 2006 Mar;20(3):293-305. doi: 10.1080/02699050500488041.


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may result in a variety of cognitive, behavioural and physical impairments. Dizziness has been reported in up to 80% of cases within the first few days after injury. The literature was reviewed to attempt to delineate prevalence of dizziness as a symptom, impairments causing dizziness, the functional limitations it causes and its measurement. The literature provides widely differing estimates of prevalence and vestibular system dysfunction appears to be the best reported of impairments contributing to this symptom. The variety of results is discussed and other possible causes for dizziness were reviewed. Functional difficulties caused by dizziness were not reported for this population in the literature and review of cognitive impairments suggests that existing measurement tools for dizziness may be problematic in this population. Research on the functional impact of dizziness in the TBI population and measurement of these symptoms appears to be warranted.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Dizziness / diagnosis
  • Dizziness / epidemiology
  • Dizziness / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vestibular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Vestibular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Vestibular Diseases / etiology*