A 66-year-old man with a history of abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weight loss was admitted for evaluation. Gastroscopy disclosed a severe gastric ulceration covering the lesser curvature. There was none of the usual risk factors for peptic ulcer disease and no malignancy was found. After 2 weeks' treatment with a proton pump inhibitor no healing was observed. The patient had a known atherosclerotic vascular disease, and angiography disclosed severe mesenteric ischaemia. After a revascularization procedure with stenting of the superior mesenteric artery was performed, the patient's symptoms disappeared. Healing of the gastric ulceration was observed at a further gastroscopy 2 weeks later. Chronic ischaemia is a rare cause of gastric ulcer, but should be suspected when no other cause is found and when the usual treatment with proton pump inhibitors does not result in healing.