Desulfitobacterium hafniense PCP-1 (formerly frappieri PCP-1) has two reductive dehalogenases (RDases) that have been characterized. One is a membrane-associated 2,4,6-trichlorophenol RDase, which is encoded by crdA, and the other is a 3,5-dichlorophenol RDase encoded by cprA5. In this report, we determined the occurrence of these two RDase genes in seven other Desulfitobacterium strains. The presence or absence of these two RDases may explain the differences in the spectrum of halogenated compounds by these Desulfitobacterium strains. crdA gene sequences were found in all of the tested strains. It was expressed in strain PCP-1 regardless of the absence or presence of chlorophenols in the culture medium. crdA was also expressed in D. hafniense strains DCB-2 and TCE-1. cprA5 was detected only in D. hafniense strains PCP-1, TCP-A, and DCB-2. In these strains, cprA5 transcripts were detected only in the presence of chlorophenols. We also examined the expression of putative cprA RDases (cprA2, cprA3, and cprA4) that were shown to exist in the D. hafniense DCB-2 genome. RT-PCR experiments showed that cprA2, cprA3, and cprA4 were expressed in D. hafniense strains PCP-1, DCB-2, and TCP-A in the presence of chlorophenols. However, contrary to cprA5, these three genes were also expressed in the absence of halogenated compounds in the culture medium.