This study aimed to examine housing-related difficulties, the relationship with housing tenure and the subsequent influences on health status in a population sample of older people in Wales. Comparisons with health status normative data were undertaken to determine any geographical differences. A random sample of respondents were interviewed in their own homes (N=423). Data included demographic information, self-reported health status, housing problems, tenure and factors relating to energy efficiency. Univariate analysis found that owner occupiers reported the least housing difficulties and the best health status. Those in public rented properties experienced the most difficulties and the poorest health. The health status of the sample was generally poorer than the norms. Multivariate analysis found that housing difficulties, being cold with current heating and hours spent at home predicted poorer health status. This suggests that characteristics of the home environment may help to explain the differences between tenure and health. Considerable financial outlay may be required to meet policy initiatives that support older people remaining independent, autonomous and able to 'age in place'.