HIV, syphilis, herpes simplex virus 2, and behavioral surveillance among conflict-affected populations in Yei and Rumbek, southern Sudan

AIDS. 2006 Apr 4;20(6):942-4. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000218564.20521.51.


Little is known about the HIV epidemic in conflict-affected southern Sudan. During 2002-2003, we conducted behavioral and biological surveillance surveys and sequential sampling in antenatal clinics in Yei, Western Equatoria, and Rumbek, Bar-el-Ghazal. HIV prevalence among individuals aged 15-49 years ranged between 0.4% in Rumbek town and 4.4% in Yei town, and among pregnant women between 0.8 and 3.0%, respectively. After the recent peace agreement, targeted prevention programmes are urgently needed to prevent further spread.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • Herpes Genitalis / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data
  • Sudan / epidemiology
  • Syphilis / epidemiology
  • Warfare*