Purpose of review: To summarize recent literature regarding medication adherence with a focus on the complexities inherent in glaucoma management.
Recent findings: Adherence to medications can be enhanced by undertaking the following strategies: enhanced patient education; improved dosing schedules; increased accessibility to healthcare (including longer hours, evening hours, and shorter wait times), and improved provider-patient relationships (e.g. increased trust). Patients may be less likely to forgo medication use due to cost pressures if the physician trust level is high. Recent studies suggest a role for baseline screening for adherence predictors and focused interventions in addressing modifiable risk factors for poor adherence (such as depression, stress, and lower education).
Summary: Many factors are associated with the lack of medication adherence in patients. The solution is likely to be multi-dimensional and employ combination strategy (must be individualized for the patient). Educational interventions involving patients, family members, or both can be effective in improving adherence.