Medication adherence in glaucoma: approaches for optimizing patient compliance

Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2006 Apr;17(2):190-5. doi: 10.1097/


Purpose of review: To summarize recent literature regarding medication adherence with a focus on the complexities inherent in glaucoma management.

Recent findings: Adherence to medications can be enhanced by undertaking the following strategies: enhanced patient education; improved dosing schedules; increased accessibility to healthcare (including longer hours, evening hours, and shorter wait times), and improved provider-patient relationships (e.g. increased trust). Patients may be less likely to forgo medication use due to cost pressures if the physician trust level is high. Recent studies suggest a role for baseline screening for adherence predictors and focused interventions in addressing modifiable risk factors for poor adherence (such as depression, stress, and lower education).

Summary: Many factors are associated with the lack of medication adherence in patients. The solution is likely to be multi-dimensional and employ combination strategy (must be individualized for the patient). Educational interventions involving patients, family members, or both can be effective in improving adherence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Glaucoma / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Patient Education as Topic


  • Antihypertensive Agents