The cdc25 protein contains an intrinsic phosphatase activity

Cell. 1991 Oct 4;67(1):189-96. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(91)90582-j.


Genetic and biochemical studies have indicated that the cdc25 protein controls the entry into mitosis by triggering tyrosine dephosphorylation of the cdc2 protein kinase. We show that the isolated cdc25 protein can catalyze dephosphorylation of several model phosphatase substrates, including p-nitrophenyl phosphate and two distinct tyrosine-phosphorylated peptides. The cdc25-dependent cleavage reaction closely resembles dephosphorylation by known tyrosine phosphatases: the reaction requires a reducing agent, shows high sensitivity to sodium vanadate, and proceeds efficiently in the presence of metal chelators. Moreover, the phosphatase activity of the cdc25 protein is eliminated by treatment with N-ethylmaleimide or by alteration of a single conserved cysteine residue by site-directed mutagenesis. These observations indicate that the cdc25 protein can function as a tyrosine phosphatase in the absence of any other protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 4-Nitrophenylphosphatase / genetics
  • 4-Nitrophenylphosphatase / isolation & purification
  • 4-Nitrophenylphosphatase / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Drosophila / enzymology*
  • Drosophila / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Peptides / chemical synthesis
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / genetics
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / isolation & purification
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • ras-GRF1*


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Peptides
  • ras-GRF1
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase
  • 4-Nitrophenylphosphatase
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases