SRY-negative 46,XX male with normal genitals, complete masculinization and infertility

Mol Hum Reprod. 2006 May;12(5):341-6. doi: 10.1093/molehr/gal030. Epub 2006 Mar 23.


XX maleness is a rare syndrome with a frequency of 1 in 20,000-25,000 males. XX males exist in different clinical categories with ambiguous genitalia or partially to fully mature male genitalia, in combination with complete or incomplete masculinization. In this study, we report a case of SRY-negative XX male with complete masculinization but infertility. The patient had fully mature male genitalia with descended but small testes and no signs of undervirilization. PCR analysis for SRY, ZFY, Amelogenin, AZFa, AZFb, AZFc genes, a pair of primers from heterochromatic region and six Y-STRs showed the absence of any Y-chromosome-derived material. Absence of SRY gene was confirmed by three independent PCRs for each of two sets of primers covering an increasing length of the gene. Sequence analysis of the coding regions of SOX9 and DAX1 genes did not reveal any mutation. Real-time PCR assay revealed normal copy number for SOX9 gene. Microsatellite analysis showed no evidence of 17q (SOX9 gene) or 22q duplication. Genotyping with X-STRs ruled out the possibility of any deletion on X chromosome. Development of the male phenotype in the absence of SRY probably resulted from the loss of function mutation in some unknown sex-determining gene, which normally inhibits the male pathway, or from a gain of function mutation in a gene downstream to SRY in male pathway.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chromosomes, Human, X / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Y / genetics
  • Genitalia, Male / metabolism*
  • Genotype
  • Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XX / genetics*
  • Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XX / pathology
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Male / genetics*
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Phenotype
  • Sex Chromosome Aberrations
  • Sex-Determining Region Y Protein / genetics*


  • SRY protein, human
  • Sex-Determining Region Y Protein