An integrated logic circuit assembled on a single carbon nanotube

Science. 2006 Mar 24;311(5768):1735. doi: 10.1126/science.1122797.


Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been shown to exhibit excellent electrical properties, such as ballistic transport over several hundred nanometers at room temperature. Field-effect transistors (FETs) made from individual tubes show dc performance specifications rivaling those of state-of-the-art silicon devices. An important next step is the fabrication of integrated circuits on SWCNTs to study the high-frequency ac capabilities of SWCNTs. We built a five-stage ring oscillator that comprises, in total, 12 FETs side by side along the length of an individual carbon nanotube. A complementary metal-oxide semiconductor-type architecture was achieved by adjusting the gate work functions of the individual p-type and n-type FETs used.