Single intraperitoneal (IP) injection of bradykinin (BK) in anesthetized guinea pigs caused concentration-related pressor effects and slight, not significant tachycardia. Intravenous injections of BK in the same animal model evoked hypotension and a marked tachycardia. IP injection of des-Arg9-BK, a selective B1 receptor agonist, caused no changes of blood pressure or heart rate. The pressor response to IP BK was reduced by concomitant IP injection of lidocaine or of D-Arg[Hyp3,D-Phe7,Leu8]BK, a B2 receptor antagonist. It was also inhibited by acute animal pretreatment with sympatholytic drugs, by chronic animal exposure to capsaicin, or acute spinalization, but it was not affected by atropine, propranolol, indomethacin, [Leu8]des-Arg9-BK, a B1 receptor antagonist, or by acute cervical vagotomy. These results suggest that pressor responses to IP BK in anesthetized guinea pigs are reflex in nature, involving abdominal, capsaicin-sensitive, nonvagal visceral afferents, efferent components of the sympathetic nervous system and possibly supraspinal centers, and likely to be mediated by B2 receptors of kinins presumably located on abdominal visceral afferents.