Biomphalaria glabrata cytosolic copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene: association of SOD1 alleles with resistance/susceptibility to Schistosoma mansoni

Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2006 Jun;147(2):207-10. doi: 10.1016/j.molbiopara.2006.02.009. Epub 2006 Mar 9.


Variation in susceptibility of the snail Biomphalaria glabrata to infection by the parasite Schistosoma mansoni is, at least in part, genetically determined. Functional studies have demonstrated that hemocyte-mediated killing of the parasite involves hydrogen peroxide, the enzymatic product of superoxide dismutase (SOD). The present study identifies alleles of the gene coding for cytosolic copper/zinc SOD (SOD1). The resistance/susceptibility phenotypes and SOD1 genotypes were determined for 354 snails of the predominantly resistant 13-16-R1 strain of B. glabrata. Resistance to the parasite was found to be significantly associated with one allele of the SOD1 gene. Conversely, a separate SOD1 allele was significantly associated with susceptibility.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Biomphalaria / enzymology*
  • Biomphalaria / immunology*
  • Biomphalaria / parasitology
  • Copper / metabolism
  • Cytosol / enzymology*
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Schistosoma mansoni / pathogenicity*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Superoxide Dismutase / genetics*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism
  • Zinc / metabolism


  • Copper
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Zinc

Associated data

  • GENBANK/DQ239577
  • GENBANK/DQ239578
  • GENBANK/DQ239579