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Review
, 21 (4), 350-82

Laboratory Assessment and Diagnosis of Congenital Viral Infections: Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV), Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), Parvovirus B19 and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

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Review

Laboratory Assessment and Diagnosis of Congenital Viral Infections: Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV), Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), Parvovirus B19 and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Ella Mendelson et al. Reprod Toxicol.

Abstract

Viral infections during pregnancy may cause fetal or neonatal damage. Clinical intervention, which is required for certain viral infections, relies on laboratory tests performed during pregnancy and at the neonatal stage. This review describes traditional and advanced laboratory approaches and testing methods used for assessment of the six most significant viral infections during pregnancy: rubella virus (RV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), parvovirus B19 and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Interpretation of the laboratory tests results according to studies published in recent years is discussed.

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