S-nitrosylation of cysteine 289 of the AT1 receptor decreases its binding affinity for angiotensin II

Br J Pharmacol. 2006 Jun;148(3):306-13. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0706725.


1. Nitric oxide (NO) is known to affect the properties of various proteins via the S-nitrosylation of cysteine residues. This study evaluated the direct effects of the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on the pharmacological properties of the AT1 receptor for angiotensin II expressed in HEK-293 cells. 2. SNP dose-dependently decreased the binding affinity of the AT1 receptor without affecting its total binding capacity. This modulatory effect was reversed within 5 min of removing SNP. 3. The effect of SNP was not modified in the presence of the G protein uncoupling agent GTPgammaS or the soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one. 4. The binding properties of a mutant AT1 receptor in which all five cysteine residues within the transmembrane domains had been replaced by serine was not affected by SNP. Systematic analysis of mutant AT1 receptors revealed that cysteine 289 conferred the sensitivity to SNP. 5. These results suggest that NO decreased the binding affinity of the AT1 receptor by S-nitrosylation of cysteine 289. This modulatory mechanism may be particularly relevant in pathophysiological situations where the beneficial effects of NO oppose the deleterious effects of angiotensin II.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Angiotensin II / metabolism*
  • Cysteine / metabolism*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate) / pharmacology
  • Guanylate Cyclase / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Humans
  • Nitric Oxide Donors / metabolism
  • Nitric Oxide Donors / pharmacology*
  • Nitroprusside / pharmacology
  • Protein Binding / drug effects
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 / drug effects
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 / genetics
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 / metabolism*


  • Nitric Oxide Donors
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
  • Angiotensin II
  • Nitroprusside
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate)
  • Guanylate Cyclase
  • Cysteine