Involvement of Rho kinase and protein kinase C in carbachol-induced calcium sensitization in beta-escin skinned rat and guinea-pig bladders

Br J Pharmacol. 2006 Jun;148(3):376-84. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0706723.


1. The signal transduction pathways involved in carbachol (CCh)-induced calcium sensitization in beta-escin permeabilized rat and guinea-pig bladder smooth muscles were investigated and the results were compared with guinea-pig taenia caecum. 2. Calcium contractions elicited cumulatively (pCa 7.5-5) in the presence of calmodulin were significantly increased in all three tissues when CCh (50 microM) was added to the medium. 3. Under constant [Ca2+]i conditions (pCa 6), calmodulin (1 microM) and then GTP (100 microM) initiated significant contractions. CCh (50 microM) added to the bath caused a further contraction in all three tissues - calcium sensitization. This sensitization was significantly inhibited by atropine (50 microM). 4. The incubation of the tissues with the IP3-receptor blocker 2-APB (30 microM) reduced the subsequent development of calcium sensitization by CCh in rat bladder but did not affect it in guinea-pig bladder and taenia ceacum. 5. The Rho kinase (ROK) inhibitor Y-27632 (5 microM) added in the presence of CCh reversed the calcium sensitization in rat bladder, whereas a transient contraction followed by a relaxation to a level not significantly different from the CCh contraction was seen in both guinea-pig bladder and taenia caecum. Y-27632 (1 microM) continuously present significantly inhibited the CCh-induced Ca2+ sensitization in rat bladder but not in guinea-pig bladder or taenia caecum. 6. In the presence of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) (1 microM) and calmodulin (1 microM), Y-27632 (5 microM) did not change the calcium response curve (3 x 10(-7)-10(-5) M) in rat bladder but increased the contractile responses significantly in both guinea-pig bladder and taenia caecum. 7. The protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF 109203X (5 microM) added in the presence of CCh inhibited the calcium sensitization induced by this muscarinic agonist in all three tissues in different ratios. 8. In conclusion, muscarinic receptor activation induces calcium sensitization in rat and guinea-pig detrusor smooth muscles but there are differences in their pathways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium / pharmacology*
  • Carbachol / pharmacology*
  • Escin / pharmacology*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth / metabolism
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Urinary Bladder / metabolism*
  • rho-Associated Kinases


  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Escin
  • Carbachol
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • rho-Associated Kinases
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Calcium