Toxicity associated with carbon monoxide

Clin Lab Med. 2006 Mar;26(1):99-125. doi: 10.1016/j.cll.2006.01.005.


Carbon monoxide is an insidious poison that accounts for thousands of deaths each year in North America. Clinical effects maybe diverse and include headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting,syn-cope, seizures, coma, dysrhythmias, and cardiac ischemia. Children, pregnant women, and patients who have underlying cardiovascular disease are particularly at risk for adverse out-comes. Treatment consists of oxygen therapy, supportive care, and, in selected cases, hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antidotes / administration & dosage
  • Carbon Monoxide / toxicity*
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / diagnosis*
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / epidemiology
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / physiopathology*
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / therapy
  • Emergency Treatment / methods*
  • Humans
  • Hyperbaric Oxygenation
  • Inhalation Exposure
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Antidotes
  • Carbon Monoxide