A parasitological survey was conducted in the Agnéby region (south-east Côte-d'Ivoire) from November 2000 to February 2001 in order to establish the epidemiological profile of schistosomiasis in school children in this region. Stools and urines of 724 school children were examined. Faeces were examined by direct analysis completed by Kato and Ritchie methods. Analysis of urine samples was made through the technique of centrifugation (2.000 g for 10 minutes). This survey revealed the importance of schistosomiasis. 20.6% of the subjects were found carriers of Schistosoma mansoni eggs, 12.6% carriers of Schistosoma haematobium eggs and 3.2% were found carriers of eggs of two Schistosoma species. Prevalence was higher in Adzope than in Agboville and Schistosoma mansoni was globally prevalent. Males were significantly more infected than females and older children were more infected than young children. The prevalence distribution among people could be explained by behaviour and occupations.