Relations between neighborhood factors, parenting behaviors, peer deviance, and delinquency among serious juvenile offenders

Dev Psychol. 2006 Mar;42(2):319-31. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.42.2.319.


The present study examined relations among neighborhood structural and social characteristics, parenting practices, peer group affiliations, and delinquency among a group of serious adolescent offenders. The sample of 14-18-year-old boys (N=488) was composed primarily of economically disadvantaged, ethnic-minority youth living in urban communities. The results indicate that weak neighborhood social organization is indirectly related to delinquency through its associations with parenting behavior and peer deviance and that a focus on just 1 of these microsystems can lead to oversimplified models of risk for juvenile offending. The authors also find that community social ties may confer both pro- and antisocial influences to youth, and they advocate for a broad conceptualization of neighborhood social processes as these relate to developmental risk for youth living in disadvantaged communities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Juvenile Delinquency / psychology*
  • Juvenile Delinquency / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Parenting*
  • Peer Group*
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Social Behavior Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Social Behavior Disorders / psychology*
  • Social Environment*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires