Effect of anxiety reduction on children's school performance and social adjustment

Dev Psychol. 2006 Mar;42(2):345-9. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.42.2.345.


This study tested the effect of reductions in children's anxiety over time on improvements in school performance and social functioning in the context of participation in a cognitive-behavioral intervention program. Participants included 40 children with high anxiety (6-13 years of age). Independent evaluators, children, and parents rated child anxiety; parents rated school performance; and children and parents rated social functioning. Measures were completed at preintervention, midintervention, and postintervention. Fixed-effects regression analyses and random-effects regression analyses indicated that decreased anxiety was predictive of improved school performance and social functioning over the course of the intervention. These findings suggest that changes in anxiety influence trajectories of children's scholastic and social functioning.

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety / prevention & control*
  • Child
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Schools
  • Social Adjustment*
  • Social Behavior