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, 30 (44), 10640-6

Human Substance P Receptor (NK-1): Organization of the Gene, Chromosome Localization, and Functional Expression of cDNA Clones

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Human Substance P Receptor (NK-1): Organization of the Gene, Chromosome Localization, and Functional Expression of cDNA Clones

N P Gerard et al. Biochemistry.

Abstract

The gene for the human substance P receptor (NK-1) was cloned using cDNA probes made by the polymerase chain reaction from primers based on the rat sequence. The gene spans 45-60 kb and is contained in five exons, with introns interrupting at sites homologous to those in the NK-2 receptor gene. Analysis of restriction digests of genomic DNA from mouse/human cell hybrids indicates the NK-1 receptor is a single-copy gene located on human chromosome 2. Polymerase chain reaction using primers based on the 5' and 3' ends of the coding sequence was used to generate full-length cDNAs from human lung and from IM9 lymphoblast cells. When transfected into COS-7 cells, the NK-1 receptor binds 125I-BHSP with a Kd of 0.35 +/- 0.07 nM and mediates substance P induced phosphatidylinositol metabolism. The receptor is selective for substance P; the relative affinity for neurokinin A and neurokinin B is 100- and 500-fold lower, respectively. Human IM9 lymphoblast cells express relatively high levels of the NK-1 receptor, and Northern blot analysis indicates modulation of mRNA levels by glucocorticoids and growth factors, suggesting that this cell line may be useful as a model for studying the control of NK-1 receptor gene expression.

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